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Utah Science

Curriculum Consortium

Tyson Grover 

tgrover@dsdmail.net

Annette Nielson

afonnesbeck@dsdmail.net

4.4 Strand

The Sun is a star that appears larger and brighter than other stars because it is closer to Earth. The rotation of Earth on its axis and orbit of Earth around the Sun cause observable patterns. These include day and night; daily changes in the length and direction of shadows; and different positions of the Sun and stars at different times of the day, month, and year.
STORYLINE: 4.4.1 Brightness of the Stars

Standard(s) 4.4.1: Construct an explanation that differences in the apparent brightness of the Sun compared to other stars is due to the relative distance (scale) of stars from Earth. Emphasize relative distance from Earth. (ESS1.A)

Practices

Constructing Explanations and Designing:  Generate and compare multiple solutions to a problem based on how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the design solution.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS1.A: The Universe and its Stars 

The sun is a star that appears larger and brighter than other stars because it is closer. Stars range greatly in their distance from Earth.

Cross Cutting Concepts

Scale, Proportion, and Quantity: Standard units are used to measure and describe physical quantities such as weight and volume.

Phenomena Statement

Some stars are brighter than other stars.

COMING SOON

Storyline Narrative
STORYLINE: 4.4.2 Making Sense of Shadows

Standard(s) 4.4.2: Analyze and interpret data of observable patterns to show that Earth rotates on its axis and revolves around the Sun. Emphasize patterns that provide evidence of Earth’s rotation and orbits around the Sun. Examples of patterns could include day and night, daily changes in length and direction of shadows, and seasonal appearance of some stars in the night sky. Earth’s seasons and its connection to the tilt of Earth’s axis will be taught in Grades 6 through 8. (ESS1.B)

Practices

Analyzing and Interpreting Data Analyzing data in 3–5 builds on K–2 experiences and progresses to introducing quantitative approaches to collecting data and conducting multiple trials of qualitative observations. When possible and feasible, digital tools should be used. 

  • Analyze and interpret data to make sense of phenomena using logical reasoning.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS1.B: Earth and the Solar System

The orbits of Earth around the Sun and of the Moon around Earth, together with the rotation of Earth about an axis between its North and South poles, cause observable patterns. These include day and night; daily changes in the length and direction of shadows; and different positions of the Sun, Moon, and stars at different times of the day, month, and year.

Cross Cutting Concepts

Patterns

Patterns can be used as evidence to support an explanation. 

Phenomena Statement

 The length and direction of shadow changes throughout the day. 

COMING SOON

Storyline Narrative