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Utah Science

Curriculum Consortium

Tyson Grover 

tgrover@dsdmail.net

Annette Nielson

afonnesbeck@dsdmail.net

Storyline Narrative 7.2.1

Standard 7.2.1: Develop and use a model of the rock cycle to describe the relationship between energy flow and matter cycling that create igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Emphasize the processes of melting, crystallization, weathering, deposition, sedimentation, and deformation, which act together to form minerals and rocks.

Student Friendly Objective: I can create a model that shows rocks change over time.

Anchor Phenomenon: Return visitors to Capitol Reef National Park have noticed that the cliff faces look different every time they visit. See image below.

Big Idea: Rocks are constantly changing.

Students are introduced to the rock cycle (matter cycling) as they make a map, play a game that moves them through a possible path matter could take through the different processes, use their map to model the processes, and explain why the mountains of Capitol Reef look the way they do.

Students are engaged by an introduction to the phenomenon (thumbnail at right) and by creating a map model that includes surface features such as mountains and rivers that matter could be carried through by the processes of the rock cycle (episode 1).

Students then explore the rock cycle by playing a game that shows them how energy and matter cycle through the processes (episode 2). As part of the game, sedimentary, metamorphic, and igneous rocks can be placed at the stations to be observed. This has also been separated out into an enrichment episode where students could make observations of the three rock types. They can also reinforce their understanding of the rock types by filling in a rock type foldable (enrichment activities). This foldable could also be used and filled in as you move through the storyline.

After students move through the rock cycle, they will learn the proper terms (episode 3) and use their map to create a visual model to explain how matter cycles through the processes (episode 4).

Students will elaborate their knowledge by creating a new rock cycle model on their map, showing they understand how matter can move through the processes.

Evaluation of student proficiency is determined by one of the assessment options.

Old Storylines

Episode 1

Question

How can rocks (a particular arrangement of matter) change over time?

Snapshot

Students will be introduced to the phenomenon and create a map that will be used for their model of the rock cycle. (Episodes have been divided out to shorten narratives for clarity and ease of planning.)

Conceptual Understandings

As part of episode arc, student begin to understand that matter can cycle through different areas of an environment due to the effects of rock cycle processes.

How can rocks (a particular arrangement of matter) change over time?

 

Episode 2

Question

How can rocks (the arrangement of matter) change over time?

Snapshot

Students will use a graphic organizer and station signs to work their way through the rock cycle. They will use the steps to fill in the map they created previously in episode 1.

Conceptual Understandings

As part of episode arc, student begin to understand that matter can cycle through different areas of an environment due to the effects of rock cycle processes.

What does our model of the rock cycle look like?

 

Episode 2b: 

Enrichment Activity

Question

What types of rocks are created by the rock cycle?

Episode 2c: Enrichment Activity

Question

What types of rocks are created by the rock cycle?

Snapshot

Students will compare the three rock types to see how the different processes affect matter to make different types of rocks.

Snapshot

Students fill in a foldable with information about each of the three rock types using information from PPT/observations.

Conceptual Understandings

The rock cycle process create rocks with different characteristics.

What are possible pathways matter could take in the rock cycle?

 

Conceptual Understandings

Students will compare and contrast the three rock types to see how the different processes affect matter to make different types of rocks.

What are possible pathways matter could take in the rock cycle?

 

Episode 3

Question

What are the processes of the rock cycle?

Episode 4

Question

What are possible pathways matter could take in the rock cycle?

Snapshot

Students will review the processes and learn the proper terminology to finish their models using the map and rock cycle steps they worked on previously. They will apply these terms to the Capitol Reef phenomenon to see if they can explain what happened to the cliffs.

Conceptual Understandings

Students will learn the actual names for the rock cycle processes, so they can use the terms on their model.

What are possible pathways matter could take in the rock cycle?

 

Snapshot

Students will map the trip from episode 2 on their map from episode 1. They will plot a new path through the rock cycle to show their understanding.

Conceptual Understandings

Matter flows through the rock cycle in many different ways, with energy affecting it in different ways.