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Utah Science

Curriculum Consortium

Tyson Grover 

tgrover@dsdmail.net

Annette Nielson

afonnesbeck@dsdmail.net

The order has been changed. It is suggested that you use the order presented on this page (6.3.3-4 before 6.3.2)
Standard 6.3.1
 

Develop a model to describe how the cycling of water through Earth’s systems is driven by energy from the Sun, gravitational forces, and density. „

Practices

Developing and Using Models

  • Develop and use a model to describe phenomena

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth's Surface Processes

  • Water continually cycles among land, ocean, and atmosphere via transpiration, evaporation, condensation and crystallization, and precipitation, as well as downhill flows on land.  

  • Global movements of water and its changes in form are propelled by sunlight and gravity.

Cross Cutting Concepts

Structure and Function

  • Structures can be designed to serve particular functions by taking into account properties of different materials, and how materials can be shaped and used.

  • Structures can be designed to serve particular functions.

Energy from the sun causes water to cycle through Earth’s systems.

Big Idea
6.3.3 & 6.3.4 storylines are combined
Standard 6.3.3
 

Develop and use a model to show how unequal heating of the Earth’s systems causes patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates. Emphasize how warm water and air move from the equator toward the poles. Examples of models could include Utah regional weather patterns such as lake-effect snow and wintertime temperature inversions.

Practices

Developing and Using Models

  • Develop and use a model to describe phenomena.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth's Surface Processes  

  • Variations in density due to variations in temperature and salinity drive a global pattern of interconnected ocean currents.

ESS2.D: Weather and Climate  

  • Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

  • The ocean exerts a major influence on weather and climate by absorbing energy from the sun, releasing it over time, and globally redistributing it through ocean currents.

Cross Cutting Concepts

Patterns

  • Patterns in rates of change and other numerical relationships can provide information about natural systems.

Systems and System Models

  • Models can be used to represent systems and their interactions—such as inputs, processes and outputs—and energy, matter, and information flows within systems.

Big Idea

Uneven heating from the sun causes the different weather patterns on Earth.

6.3.3 & 6.3.4 storylines are combined
Standard 6.3.4
 

Construct an explanation supported by evidence for the role of the natural greenhouse effect in Earth’s energy balance, and how it enables life to exist on Earth. Examples could include comparisons between Earth and other planets such as Venus and Mars.

Practices

Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions

  • Construct a scientific explanation based on valid and reliable evidence obtained from sources (including the students’ own experiments) and the assumption that theories and laws that describe nature operate today as they did in the past and will continue to do so in the future.

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS2.D: Weather and Climate  

  • Weather and climate are influenced by interactions involving sunlight, the ocean, the atmosphere, ice, landforms, and living things. These interactions vary with latitude, altitude, and local and regional geography, all of which can affect oceanic and atmospheric flow patterns.

Cross Cutting Concepts

Energy and Matter

  • Within a natural or designed system, the transfer of energy drives the motion and/or cycling of matter.

The natural greenhouse affects Earth’s energy balance.

Big Idea
 
Standard 6.3.2

Investigate the interactions between air masses that cause changes in weather conditions. Collect and analyze weather data to provide evidence for how air masses flow from regions of high pressure to low pressure causing a change in weather. Examples of data collection could include field observations, laboratory experiments, weather maps, or diagrams.

Practices

Carrying Out Investigations

  • Collect data to produce data to serve as the basis for evidence to answer scientific questions or test design solutions under a range of conditions

Disciplinary Core Ideas

ESS2.C: The Roles of Water in Earth's Surface Processes  

  • The complex patterns of the changes and the movement of water in the atmosphere, determined by winds, landforms, and ocean temperatures and currents, are major determinants of local weather patterns.

ESS2.D: Weather and Climate  

  • Because these patterns are so complex, weather can vary from day to day and palce to place. Multiple variables such as humidity, temperature, pressure, and solar radiation contribute to the variability.

Cross Cutting Concepts

Cause and Effect

  • Cause and effect relationships may be used to predict phenomena in natural or designed systems.

Big Idea

There is a relationship between air masses and weather systems.